SIGN. Management of suspected bacterial urinary tract infection in adults: a national clinical guideline. Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network. 2012 http://www.sign.ac.uk/guidelines/fulltext/88/index.html SIGN Flow diagram for pregnant women. Accessed 23.09.14. RATIONALE: MSU should be performed routinely at the first antenatal visit. If bacteriuria is reported, it should be confirmed with a second MSU. Dipstick testing is not sufficiently sensitive to be used for screening for bacteriuria in pregnant women.

UKTIS. The treatment of infections in pregnancy. The UK Teratology Information Service. 2008. (Tel: 0844 892 0909, http://www.medicinesinpregnancy.org/bumps/monographs/ANTIBIOTIC-USE-IN-PREGNANCY/)

The POCAST project is funded by the National Institute for Health Research Health Protection Research Unit (NIHR HPRU) in Healthcare Associated Infections and Antimicrobial Resistance at Imperial College London and by the Imperial College Healthcare Charity (Grant Ref No:7006/P36U).